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R. A. Savrai, S. V. Gladkovsky, S. V. Lepikhin, Yu. M. Kolobylin

APPROACHES TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF WEAR-RESISTANT LAMINATED METAL COMPOSITES

DOI: 10.17804/2410-9908.2021.5.24-35

Layered metal composites made of dissimilar metals and alloys occupy a special place among modern composite materials. In particular, their use is considered promising when high strength, fatigue resistance, and wear resistance are required. However, there are few data on the abrasive wear resistance of such composites, and further study is necessary. In this paper, an attempt is made to formulate some approaches to the development of wear-resistant laminated metal composites in order to promote more detailed research. For this purpose, the abrasive wear resistance at room (+25 °C) and cryogenic (−196 °C) temperatures of a layered metal composite consisting of low-alloy and maraging steels was studied. The composite was obtained by explosive welding. It is shown that the wear resistance of the composite is determined by the combined influence of a number of factors, namely the presence of interlayer boundaries, the structural state, hardness, and toughness of the steels. It is concluded that, for better wear resistance of a layered composite, the dissimilar layers must wear out evenly under existing environmental conditions.

Acknowledgements: This study was performed within the state assignment for the IES UB RAS, reg. no. AAAA-A18-118020790147-4. Optical microscopy, microhardness measurements, and tribological tests were performed in the Plastometriya shared access center of the Institute of Engineering Science, UB RAS. Sheets with a thickness of 1 mm made of maraging steel with an ultrafine-grained structure were obtained by multi-stage processing in the Institute for Metals Superplasticity Problems of RAS (Ufa). The seven-layer low-alloy-steel–maraging-steel composite was made by explosive welding under the supervision of V. I. Mali in the Lavrentyev Institute of Hydrodynamics, SB RAS (Novosibirsk).

Keywords: laminated metal composite, microstructure, microhardness, abrasive wear

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Р. А. Саврай, С. В. Гладковский, С. В. Лепихин, Ю. М. Колобылин

ПОДХОДЫ К РАЗРАБОТКЕ ИЗНОСОСТОЙКИХ СЛОИСТЫХ МЕТАЛЛИЧЕСКИХ КОМПОЗИТОВ

Слоистые металлические композиты, изготовленные из разноименных металлов и сплавов, занимают особое место среди современных композиционных материалов. В частности, их использование считается перспективным в тех случаях, когда требуется высокая прочность, сопротивление усталости и износостойкость. Однако в литературе недостаточно данных по абразивной износостойкости таких композитов, поэтому необходимо дальнейшее изучение этого вопроса. В настоящей работе была предпринята попытка сформулировать некоторые подходы к разработке износостойких слоистых металлических композитов с целью содействия проведению дальнейших, более детальных исследований. Для этого была исследована абразивная износостойкость при комнатной (+25 °C) и криогенной (−196 °C) температуре слоистого металлического композита на основе низколегированной и мартенситно-стареющей сталей. Композит был получен с помощью сварки взрывом. Показано, что износостойкость композита определяется совместным влиянием ряда факторов, а именно, наличием межслойных границ, структурным состоянием, твердостью и вязкостью составляющих композит сталей. Был сделан вывод о том, что для повышения износостойкость слоистого композита, разноименные слои должны изнашиваться равномерно при данных условиях окружающей среды.

Ключевые слова: слоистый металлический композит, микроструктура, микротвердость, абразивный износ

Библиография:

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Библиографическая ссылка на статью

Approaches to the Development of Wear-Resistant Laminated Metal Composites / R. A. Savrai, S. V. Gladkovsky, S. V. Lepikhin, Yu. M. Kolobylin // Diagnostics, Resource and Mechanics of materials and structures. - 2021. - Iss. 5. - P. 24-35. -
DOI: 10.17804/2410-9908.2021.5.24-35. -
URL: http://dream-journal.org/issues/2021-5/2021-5_343.html
(accessed: 25.05.2024).

 

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Учредитель:  Федеральное государственное бюджетное учреждение науки Институт машиноведения имени Э.С. Горкунова Уральского отделения Российской академии наук
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